Top 5 Backend technologies

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As regular users, we hardly think about them, but any technical specialist will tell you that it cannot be overestimated. Of course, we are talking about server technologies. These technologies are of paramount importance in software development. That being said, choosing the right server technology is critical to the success of your entire project.

Indeed, selected server technologies can guarantee scalability, speed, and instant response to customer requests and needs. But which technologies to choose? Given that there are quite a lot of them. This article has compiled the top 5 best backend technologies to find out their features and other details.

What is Backend?

Backend is a technical term used by computer professionals and programmers to refer to the code that handles server-side operations, including database functions and all server-side logic. The backend is not available to users; this piece of data is in reserve and obtained in any application's server part. Backend is a part of the resource invisible to the user, located on a remote server, ensuring the site's smooth operation.

What is the Backend for?

To understand why you need a backend, imagine a restaurant hall. Tables and an order desk or bar counter are the front-end the client interacts with. Kitchen, utility rooms - backend. All the processes in the kitchen are invisible to the client, but the dish's speed and taste depend on the well-coordinated work of this part of the restaurant. Waiters are the link between the front and backend, passing requests from the user to the server and vice versa. Even despite all the attractiveness and stylish design of the hall, a restaurant cannot operate without a well-functioning kitchen. Therefore, the backend is essential, ensuring the site's functioning, and responsible for the logic, speed, and uninterrupted operation, storage, and data processing.

Creating a Backend

Back-end development is considered to be more difficult than front-end development. In addition, the backend requires deep knowledge of programming languages and architecture. Backend developers use frameworks to speed up and simplify the work, a kind of skeleton or a ready-made structure of the server part of the site with a large set of tools, functions, and data. Consider the most popular frameworks used to create the server parts of sites.

What do backend developers do?

Backend developers write programs for servers that generate the pages we need and send them to our computers. And also:

  • they think over the architecture of the site and the links between its components;
  • set up databases where all information is stored;
  • make it so that the site can receive and send data to this database;
  • write the site engine - the program that generates the pages;
  • if the machine is already ready, they finish it;
  • optimize the device so that the site works as fast and stable as possible;
  • monitor the security of the site so that an attacker cannot steal or fake data;
  • sometimes they configure the servers themselves - Apache or Nginx.

.NET

Microsoft's ASP.NET source code framework is used to build websites using languages ​​such as Visual Basic (VB), C#, F#, and more.

.NET operates on the MVC (Model-View-Controller, Model-View-Controller) architectural pattern. This controller receives user requests and interacts with the model to process data. The result is then passed to the view and displayed on the front of the web page. Released to the public in 2016, .NET can integrate with iOS, Linux, and Android through .NET Core. It is stable, so it is making a good choice for businesses. .NET is a product of Microsoft and has pretty good support.

Lightpoint Global has vast and deep .NET expertise that comes from different projects worldwide. .NET is our core backend technology used for long-term client projects. Here's one of our .NET experiences.

2.JavaScript

JavaScript has consistently ranked first as the most used programming technology in the annual Stack Overflow polls for the past eight years. It's safe to say that JavaScript is the most popular backend technology today.

With Node.js, you can perform server-side operations using JavaScript programming technology. But it's also important to understand that Node.js works as a platform and basically uses Express.js as its server-side framework.

Lightpoint Global has an example here on node.js.

3.Golang

Go (often also Golang) is a compiled multithreaded programming language developed internally by Google. The Go language was designed to create highly efficient programs on modern distributed systems and multicore processors.

Go is a strongly statically typed language. It has a relatively concise and straightforward syntax, based on C, but significantly improved, with a lot of syntactic sugar.

What can be done on Go

  • write network tools;
  • develop software for distributed systems;
  • write software that processes large amounts of information.

4.Python

Python has become a modern programming language. It is used for both web development and desktop application creation. There are many learning sites, tutorials, and tutorials for Python on the Web, making it an accessible language for beginners.

In addition, Python's syntax is simple and easy to understand compared to other languages. Python supports object-oriented, functional, and aspect-oriented programming, and it is also an open-source dynamically typed language.

What can be done on Python

Some of the more popular uses of Python are:

  • cross-platform shell scripts;
  • fast automation;
  • Web development;
  • Data Science, Machine Learning.

5.C#

C#, known as C-sharp, is one of the most famous native programming languages ​​for Windows automation. C# is also used for web development within ASP.net. It is one of the oldest programming languages ​​and an extension of C++.

This server technology is most often used for desktop applications and embedded systems. C# is most widely used in game development on platforms like Unity in today's world. Backend engineers also use this backend technology to develop console applications.

C# Features:

C# is an object-oriented language, which means you can structure your code using classes and relationships. Implementing a system with simple troubleshooting is helpful if something goes wrong.

Cross-Platform: Applications that use the C# backend can run on different operating systems such as Windows, macOS, etc. To learn more, read this article on cross-platform frameworks.

Compatibility:

C# applications allow interoperability with older legacy systems. This backend scripting technology is also helpful for organizations that are not upgrading and are using older programming platforms.

Automatic garbage collection: C# can remove all garbage in the system. This function is helpful for fast program execution. This garbage collection prevents the system from hanging while the application is running.

At Lightpoint Global, we have expertise in Golang, Python, C#.

What is the best backend framework in 2022?

We have reviewed the top 5 reliable backend frameworks, which, in our opinion, are more relevant than any others. Now that you've compared them, you can probably answer the question yourself: what is the best backend framework in 2022?

There is no doubt that every programming language has its pros and cons. That is why there is no standard programming language that meets all business needs. If you're in a dilemma about which programming language is best for your project, you can turn to Lightpoint Global. Here, technical specialists are ready to provide free consultation and help you choose the best server-side programming language and frameworks that are not only used by leading industries but also a practical choice for your project.

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